Primary Source: Canada, United States, Iceland, Norway, Russia, UK
Scientific Name: Pleuronectes Ferrugineus (yellowtail)
Common Names: Rock soul, yellowtail flounder, sand dab, yellowfin sole, dab, Dover sole, Alaska Dover, American Dover, petrale sole, California soul, gray soul, lemon sole, witch flounder, summer flounder, plaice Northern fluke
Around 540 flat fish species belong to this group, flat fish are found throughout the world. Yellowtail is the most important Atlantic Coast flounder, and petrale soul is the most and important West Coast species. Flatfish have both eyes on one side of the head, though they began life as normal fish. Gray soul offers long, slender fillets; yellowtail flounder's, rock soul, lemon sole, fluke and dab offers thicker, broader fillets.
Raw flounder ranges from tan to pinkish to snow white like cooked meat of all species is pure white, lean, boneless and flaky with a mild flavor ranging from bland to sweet. Taste and texture vary depending on species. Petrale soul, with firm, delicate-tasting flesh, is considered the premier Pacific soul.
Use wine, sauce, other liquids or moist vegetables to keep the flatfish fillets from drying out. Avoid sauces and herbs that overpower their delicate taste. Thicker fillets are great for boiling, serving with lightly herbed butter. The firm and meaty flesh of larger species like flute or dab is good for rolling or stuffing.
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